Date of Award
Master of Arts (MA)
Emergency and Disaster Management
Dr. Michael R. Charter
The low income of Haiti and Nepal inherently make them more likely to experience a catastrophic incident compared to wealthy nations with robust emergency and disaster management capabilities. Both of these nations have experienced a catastrophic event in the last decade and the speed of the international responses were significantly different. Part of the difference in the response can be contributed to logistics and the ability of the affected nation to open their airports for international aid and first responders. Airports are vital to the response phase of catastrophic incidents because speed can mitigate impacts. This thesis analyzes the preparedness of Haiti’s Toussaint Louverture International Airport and Nepal’s Tribhuvan International Airport to support the influx of humanitarian aid during the response phase of the emergency management cycle, utilizing the 2010 Haiti earthquake and 2015 Nepal earthquake as case studies. It recommends that developed nations increase investments into the preparedness of airports of low income nations in order to set the environment necessary to quickly open the basic logistical support necessary for international aid and assistance to enter into the country. Globalization has ensured that catastrophes anywhere in the world impact every other nation in some way and it is on the international community to work together to mitigate these impacts.
Balthazar, Luke I.W., "Airports and Catastrophes: Understanding Preparations for the Response Phase After Catastrophic Incidents" (2016). Master's Capstone Theses. 134.
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