Author

Kelly Bowman

Date of Award

8-2015

Document Type

Capstone-Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Public Health (MPH)

Program Name

Public Health

Capstone Instructor

Dr. Carol Hoban

Abstract

Since 1980, the prevalence of obesity in the United States has increased dramatically with the largest increases seen in children and adolescents. Although a number of school-based prevention programs have produced promising results, a consensus has yet to be reached as to which programs and/or program components are most effective. Purpose: To determine whether participation in a Nutrition Advisory Council Program lesson lead to increased knowledge of lesson-specific nutrition concepts Methods: Using a quasi-experimental design, a 9-item multiple choice pre/post-evaluation was administered to 255 elementary students in grades three through five who were participating in the Nutrition Advisory Council Program in one southern California school district. A paired samples t-test was conducted to determine whether total test scores increased significantly from pre to post and McNemar’s exact tests were conducted to determine whether there were significant percentage increases in the number of correct responses provided for each question. The significance level was set at p<0.05 for all analyses. Results: Significant increases in the percentage of correct responses from pre to post were identified on eight of the nine test questions, p<0.05. Conclusion: The Nutrition Advisory Council Program may be an effective component in school-based obesity interventions; however, further research is needed to determine the impact of the program on dietary intake behaviors and weight status of program participants.

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Public Health Commons

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