Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)

Program Name

International Relations and Conflict Resolution

Capstone Instructor

Dr. Paula Wylie


Considerable research regarding the United Nations doctrine of Responsibility To Protect (R2P) has been focused on the debate between state sovereignty verses human rights protection. Since the Doctrine’s inception, smaller non-Western states have argued that R2P presents a threat to state sovereignty arguing for the status quo in the global state system, namely, state sovereignty and noninterference. Egypt has been a dissenting state arguing for that status quo. The purpose of this research is to examine: Why does Egypt resist the Responsibility to Protect (R2P) doctrine? This research will analyze the political and cultural norms and values of Egypt using the theoretical framework of modernization theory as researched by Ronald Inglehart and Christian Welzel. Using primarily qualitative research strategies (case study and content analysis methods), the analysis will focus on a review of documents, data sets and surveys. The analysis will show that Egypt interprets R2P doctrines as a new norm heralding a shift in the international system from state sovereignty to human rights development and protection. Next, documentation will show that Egypt's traditional cultural (Islamic) values and political culture (authoritarian regime) values are being threatened by the changing international social order.



*Please note that this citation may not be appropriate for your discipline.
To locate the correct citation style for APUS programs and receive citation help, visit