Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Public Administration (MPA)

Program Name

Public Administration

Capstone Instructor

Dr. Stephen Schwalbe


This thesis examines the need for an alternate source of fresh water on Oahu, and the need to reduce the current demand on the Island’s aquifer. The Navy’s investment into next generation reverse osmosis (RO) desalination has proven to reduce annual operating cost by 70 percent, with improved operational time, reduced part failures, and maintenance time, while producing 50 percent more clean water. Joint Base Pearl Harbor- Hickam has the ability to reduce its current requirement from 18 million gallons a day to 3 million gallons per day, by implementing current technologies in desalination from shipboard RO’s and in the use of using high efficient conservation methods. Along with desalination, JBPHH’s ability to retain and re-use run-off water from impermeable surfaces can reduce JBPHH’s daily aquifer withdraw by 85 percent in helping the State of Hawaii Department of Land and Natural Resources Commission on Water Resource Management’s sustainable yield goal of 165 million gallons per day (mgd).



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