Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Public Policy (MPP)

Program Name

Public Policy

Capstone Instructor

Dr. Christi Bartman


American studies of the role of strategically designed urban greenery in deterring criminal activity have focused on the effects of such greenery in active (non-dormant) months. This study addresses that research gap by analyzing five greened areas compared to five ungreened areas in Minneapolis, Minnesota based on police precinct. Using GIS information from the RAIDS Online crime mapper, the Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI), and Google Maps, the findings suggest that, rather than any particular physical attribute(s) of vegetation, the relationship and interaction between vegetation and legitimate users is the significant influencer in deterring crime, which leads to increased eyes on the street and intervention. Exploring a model of coproduction between individuals, communities, non-profits, city agencies, and law enforcement, the study also computes the cost of initiating a strategic urban garden while comparing it to the economic cost of various crimes, finding the cost of strategic urban greenery to be significantly more efficient in economic terms. From a public policy perspective, recommendations for sustained strategic vegetation efforts in Minneapolis include increased and diversified collaborative efforts; designated budgets for diversified green development and maintenance; and renewed, focused digital governance endeavors, including information and communication technology and public participation.

Included in

Public Policy Commons



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