Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)

Program Name

Military History

Capstone Instructor

Dr. Robert Young


The following thesis explores the nature of music in the Continental Army during the American Revolution. The dual function of field musicians and “bands of music,” playing in the harmoniemusik style, explain the complex and integral role musicians played in the army. The development of music standardization, including Baron Steuben’s drum beatings in Regulations for the Order and Discipline of the Troops of the United States, corresponds to the appointment of Lieutenant John Hiwell as Inspector and Superintendent of Music. His five extant Music Returns are examined to show trends in personnel and equipment shortages in the later years of the war.



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