Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)

Program Name

Transportation and Logistics Management

Capstone Instructor

Dr. Keith Wade


Seaport congestion, or the back-up of cargo ships in ports worldwide, is a growing phenomenon in light of the globalization of the container shipping industry. Cargo ships filled with merchandise sit in ports for many weeks, unable to unload, destabilizing economies that depend on maritime import/export in both the developed and developing world. Given the development of post-Panamax, or super-sized, liners, along with alternate sea routes such as the Northern Sea Route and the newly-widened Panama Canal, shipping should be faster and easier than ever; this is however not the case, and this thesis explores several theories as to why. Using the U.S. West Coast as a jumping off point, this thesis contends that that a major source of friction and contribution to the problem of massive seaport congestion worldwide is the dissonance between globalized worldwide shipping networks that operate on sea, and the locally-based, unionized, and heterogeneous dock workers they encounter in port.



*Please note that this citation may not be appropriate for your discipline.
To locate the correct citation style for APUS programs and receive citation help, visit